Genital warts are small, rough lumps that can appear around the vagina, penis or anus. They're a common sexually transmitted infection (STI). Treatment from a sexual health clinic can help.
It can take a few weeks or months for genital warts to appear after having sex with someone who is infected.
Genital warts are usually small, rough lumps on the skin.
They can appear:
Genital warts may:
They do not usually cause symptoms but sometimes they may be painful, itchy or bleed.
You may also have:
Genital warts are not usually harmful during pregnancy.
But you'll usually be referred to a sexual health specialist if you have genital warts and you’re pregnant.
During pregnancy, genital warts may:
Most creams, liquids and ointments used to treat genital warts are not recommended during pregnancy.
Genital warts often disappear on their own within 6 weeks after the baby is born, so treatment is often delayed until after the birth.
You may have genital warts. Go to a sexual health clinic to be checked.
Sexual health clinics are sometimes called genitourinary medicine (GUM) clinics, or sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services.
Treatment can help remove the warts and stop the infection being passed on.
A GP will probably refer you to a sexual health clinic if they think you might have genital warts.
Sexual health clinics specialise in treating problems with the genitals and urine system.
Many sexual health clinics offer a walk-in service where you do not need an appointment.
Sexual health clinics often get test results quicker than GP surgeries. You also do not have to pay a prescription charge for medicines prescribed by a sexual health clinic.
A doctor or nurse at a sexual health clinic will usually be able to diagnose genital warts by looking at them.
It may not be possible to find out who you got genital warts from, or how long you've had the infection.
Treatment for genital warts is not always needed. They sometimes disappear on their own within 6 months.
If treatment is recommended, it will need to be prescribed by a doctor.
The type of treatment you'll be offered depends on what the warts look like and where they are. The doctor or nurse will discuss this with you.
Treatments for genital warts include:
It may take weeks or months for genital wart treatment to work and the warts may come back. Sometimes the treatment does not work.
Tell the doctor or nurse if you're pregnant or thinking about becoming pregnant, as some treatments will not be suitable for you.
Some creams can weaken condoms and vaginal diaphragms if it comes into contact with them. Ask the doctor or nurse about this.
There are some things you can do while having treatment for genital warts.
follow the instructions about how to apply creams, liquids and ointments carefully – some creams should only be left on for a certain amount of time before being washed off
avoid getting any treatment you apply to genital warts on normal skin or in open wounds
do not use wart treatment from a pharmacy because they're not made for genital warts
do not smoke – many treatments for genital warts work better if you do not smoke
do not have vaginal, anal or oral sex until the warts have gone (but if you do have sex, always use a condom)
Genital warts are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). The virus can be passed on even when there are no visible warts.
Many people with the virus do not have symptoms but can still pass it on.
If you have genital warts, your current sexual partners should consider getting checked because they may have warts and not know it.
After you get the infection, it can take weeks to many months before symptoms appear.
You can get genital warts from:
The virus can also be passed to a baby from its mother during birth, but this is rare.
Genital warts can be spread if you touch an infected area and then touch another part of your body.
You cannot get genital warts from kissing or from sharing things like towels, cutlery, cups or toilet seats.
You can stop genital warts being passed on by:
The HPV vaccine offered to 12 to 13 year-old girls and boys in England protects against genital warts and some cancers (such as cervical cancer and anal cancer).
The HPV vaccine is also offered to men (up to and including 45 years old) who have sex with men, some trans men and trans women, sex workers and people living with HIV.