A migraine usually feels like a very bad headache with a throbbing pain on 1 side. It's common and there are things you can try to help.
A migraine tends to be a very bad headache with a throbbing pain on 1 side of the head.
You may get other symptoms just before a migraine, such as:
You may also get warning signs you're about to have a migraine (called an aura), such as:
Aura symptoms should not last for longer than an hour.
There are different types of migraine with different symptoms.
Migraines usually last between 2 hours and 3 days, with some symptoms (such as feeling very tired) starting up to 2 days before the head pain starts and finishing after the headache stops.
Some people have migraines several times a week, while others do not have them very often.
Most people find their migraines slowly get better as they get older.
You have a migraine and:
You can call 111 or get help from 111 online.
Migraine treatments include:
You may have to try a combination of medicines before you find something that works.
A GP may also recommend making changes to your lifestyle to help manage your migraines, such as eating at regular times and drinking less caffeine.
If your migraines are severe, you might be offered other things to help, such as learning relaxation techniques and acupuncture.
If these treatments do not manage your migraines or they're getting worse, you may be referred to a specialist for further tests and treatment.
Try not to take high doses of painkillers too often as this could make it harder to treat your migraines.
It's not known what causes migraines.
You're more likely to get them if you have a close family member who gets them.
Some people find certain triggers can cause migraines, such as:
It can help to keep a migraine diary to help you work out what might trigger your migraines.
There are things you can do yourself to manage your migraines, with help and advice from a GP.
try sleeping or lying down in a darkened room during a migraine
try to avoid things you know trigger your migraines, such as certain foods
stay well hydrated and limit how much caffeine and alcohol you drink
try to keep to a healthy weight
eat meals at regular times
get regular exercise
get plenty of sleep
try to manage your stress